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Cognates and Electives for Math Majors and Minors

A cognate gives you extra flexibility. For each Math program, you are required to take a certain number of math electives. You are allowed the flexibility to substitute at most one cognate for a Math elective. All cognates require the approval of the Undergraduate Chair <UGradChair AT math.upenn.edu> and must be part of a well planned selection of electives within the Major.

Some Courses Often Approved as COGNATES (Major or Minor)

Some courses often approved as COGNATES for Mathematics Minors

Courses counting as inside the Math. Dept.

The following courses count as being inside the Math. Department as far as the Major or Minor is concerned. This means that that counting them toward a Math Minor or Major does not change the number of cognate courses above which can also be counted.

Some courses which are not approved as COGNATES
for Mathematics Majors or Minors

Note: Other courses might also be approved;
see the Undergraduate Chair.


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