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Probability and Combinatorics

Tuesday, February 1, 2022 - 3:30pm

Si Tang

Lehigh University


Temple University

Wachman Hall 617

The cavity and TAP equations are high-dimensional systems of nonlinear equations of the local magnetization in the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model. In the seminal work, Bolthausen introduced an iterative scheme that produces an asymptotic solution to the TAP equations if the model lies inside the Almeida-Thouless transition line. However, it was unclear if this asymptotic solution coincides with the local magnetization. In this work, motivated by the cavity equations, we introduce a new iterative scheme and establish a weak law of large numbers. We show that our new scheme is asymptotically the same as the so-called Approximate Message Passing algorithm, a generalization of Bolthausen’s iteration, that has been popularly adapted in compressed sensing, Bayesian inferences, etc. Based on this, we confirm that our cavity iteration and Bolthausen’s scheme both converge to the local magnetization as long as the overlap is locally uniformly concentrated. This is a joint work with Wei-Kuo Chen (University of Minnesota).